Dr.ChangYoonSang - SkyFruit (angol nyelven)

Dr. Chan Yoon Sang mint kémikus végzett a szingapuri egyetemen. Ezt követően doktori végzettséget szerzett a Lafayette Egyetem USA intézetében táplálkozási szakértőként. Szakmai tagja volt az "Amerikai Táplálkozási Orvostudományok Szövetségének", valamint tagja a Malajziai „Kínai Orvosok Szövetsége” nevű egyesületnek.
Jelenleg számos nemzetközi élelmiszeripari hálózat tanácsadója, több mint 15 éve vezet e tárgykörben képzéseket, konzultációkat. Alelnöke a "Kínai Orvosok és Természetgyógyászok Szövetségének" valamint az Egészségügyi Világszervezet Malajziában működő Branch Kórház vezetőségének.
A SkyFruit gyümölcs kapcsán végzett kutatások eredményeit önmagán is tapasztalva írja e tárgykörben azokat a feljegyzéseit, melyek ezen az oldalon (jelenleg) csak angol nyelven olvasható.

 

The Miraculous Sky Fruit


              By Dr. Chang Yoon Sang

Sky Fruit protects your health in a more wholesome way by providing you two active components – Saponins found in Ginseng and Flavonoids found in Ginkgo Biloba.

Dr. Chang Yoon Sang’s Profile

Dr. Chang Yoon Sang graduated from Nanyang University Singapore with a degree of B.Sc in Chemistry. He went on to obtain his Doctorate in Science in Lafayette University of USA and Doctorate in Nutritional Medicine in J.F. Kennedy College of USA.

He has been a Professional Member of the American Association of Nutritional Medicine, Lecturer of the study of Prescription and Traditional Chinese Medical Pharmacology in the Chinese Institute of Medical Studies, Malaysia. Besides, he has also been a Medical Officer in Chinese Medical Aid Department, which is sponsored by the Chinese Physicians Association of Malaysia.

At present, he is a Nutritional Medicine Consultant in several International Health Foods Network Marketing Companies, responsible for health counseling, consultation and products training for more than 15 years. He also holds the positions of Vice President of the Federation of Chinese Physicians and Acupuncturists Association Malaysia, Vice President of the Chinese Orthopedic and Acupuncture Association Malaysia, President of Chinese Medical Lecturers Association Malaysia, Honorary President of the Association of Traditional Chinese Physicians (WP) Kuala Lumpur, Principal of TAMA Acupuncture Academy Sdn Bhd, Vice President of Malaysia Branch Hospital of World Health Organization of New Skin Disease Therapy (Naikaikyou Kou Method Japan), and Specialist of Physiotherapy and Acupuncture in Perubatan Tradisional dan Akupuntur Taipeh, Sentul, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

 

 


 
The Miraculous Sky Fruit

Author:  Dr. Chang Yoon Sang
Translator:  Lim Koo
Senior Editor:  Ser Wan Kun
Editor:  
Assistant Editor:

Chief Editor: 
Creative Advisor:
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Published by:  Mentor Publishing Sdn Bhd
Distributed by: Mentor Publishing Sdn Bhd
   4, Jalan Panggong, 50000 K.L., Malaysia.
   

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written consent of the copyright owner.

Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Cataloguing-in-Publication Data

Chang, Yoon Sang, 1934—
ISBN
1. Fruit – Therapeutic use – Solomon Islands.
2. Botany, Medical – Solomon Islands. I. Title  II. Series: Da Jiang kang jian; 04    


 
The Author’s Note

The Miraculous Sky Fruit

        By Dr. Chang Yoon Sang

Swift scientific advancement of the modern time and extensive research works carried out by nutritionists and medical experts over the last twenty decades or so has contributed significantly to establishing the many interrelationships between certain health foods and diseases, lifestyles, and dietary habits. Today, the feasibility of attaining health enhancement by observing a balanced nutrition and a holistic diet that offers health-giving benefits and regulatory functions has become a reality.

It is a hard fact that our worsening environmental pollution has brought about increasing incidences of various chronic health problems.  On the other hand, thanks to our dynamic social progress, growing affluence, and rising health awareness, the modern generation has not only begun giving due emphasis to leisure activities and a restful life but also the  quest for optimal health, longevity, and even sound child-bearing. This development has prompted the popular pursuit for the so-called functional foods as an alternative remedy to ward off those civil diseases that modern medicine has yet been able to offer a conclusive cure.

Functional foods are known for their abilities to fortify our immune defense, regulate physiological activities of the human body, prevent diseases, promote rapid recovery, and retard premature ageing. Collectively, we call these abilities of a food its third function. (While the third function offers regulatory attributes of a food, the first and second refer respectively to their nutritional characteristics and how they benefit the sensory organs).  As such, functional foods are a category of food whose efficacies can be determined through scientific analysis and experiments.

Among the multitude array of functional foods being sold in the market today, Sky Fruit differentiates itself with its unique composition featuring a rich supply of highly efficacious saponins and flavonoids. These two active components are found coexisting in such a manner intended by Mother Nature that they impart Sky Fruit with an amazingly wide spectrum of remarkable therapeutic applications.

The purpose of compiling The Miraculous Sky Fruit is to cater readers with the right information on functional foods, so that they are able to make the right choice by identifying the differences between functional foods and medicines. It was under this premise that vital data were gathered and extracted from an extensive pool of articles, medical works, and research reports, while special attention was also given to explaining the profound in simple terms and with an easy-to-understand approach.

Made available in a processed form, Sky Fruit has since its introduction into the market enjoyed an overwhelming response. More importantly, it is hoped that apart from gaining an in-depth insight of functional foods, the consumers also learn the importance of dietetic concerns in their healthcare regimens. This is because the objective of preventing diseases and preserving our physical well-being can be achieved only if equal cares are also given to having healthy living, regular exercises, and a cheerful frame of mind. Lastly, while exhaustive efforts baring human limitations have been humbly made to ensure its accurate content, I would be most grateful if you could correct me on any error or omission committed in this book.

Preface

Sky Fruit – A Great Discovery & A Gift from Mother Nature

   By Dr. Ossama M. A.
   (Herbalist, pharmacist, Master & PhD in Pharmacology)

 
In spite of the many new medical breakthroughs achieved today, modern medicine is yet to find effective cure to an almost endless list of dreaded health problems. This has set into momentum the current trend, particularly in the western world, of resorting to herbal remedy as an alternative approach to treating diseases. In fact, it has become the major theme in the international medical arena on switching to extracts of herbs as a natural resource for the treatment of ailments such as cancer, allergies, menopausal syndromes, and the likes. Some active components of certain plants have today found remarkably wide applications in the medical field. One notable example of these active components, flavonoid, has been proven to exhibit amazing antioxidant, anticancer, and antiviral capabilities. Sky Fruit, or Fructus Swietenia Macrophylla, is a rare tropical fruit rich in flavonoids and saponins, which show marvelous curative benefits for the treatment of skin diseases. This miraculous fruit has today attracted increasing attention of the medical fraternity for its exceptional therapeutic value.

Through my many years of research, I have found Sky Fruit to be truly a gift from Mother Nature. By composition, the extract of Sky Fruit is made up of 20% flavonoids, which possess the attributes of preventing the inflammation of tonsil and local anaphylaxis. Besides, Sky Fruit is extremely helpful in maintaining the equilibrium between blood sugar and blood pressure. As such, I strongly recommend it to people suffering from diabetes and hypertension. On the other hand, Sky Fruit is known for its ability in enhancing blood circulation and discouraging blockages in the blood vessels, hence contributing in no small ways to effective prevention of stroke and other heart diseases.

In fact, my personal experience also serves as a living testimony – after consuming Sky Fruit for a short period of time, I have enjoyed a full recovery from nasal sinusitis. It is thus my advice that for those of you who wish to regain optimal health and live a vibrant life, by all means give Sky Fruit a try.  
  
Thank you.
 
Chapter 1: Overview

Food as one of the basic human needs primary caters to filling the stomach. More importantly, it also provides the nutrition to sustain life. Upon fulfilling these two fundamental requirements, functional foods come into play as a vital source to promote our physical well-being.

Taking functional foods as a dietetic practice should never be misconstrued as a trendy pursuit. Rather, it has evolved in response to our increasing health awareness and in the wake of our deteriorating environment. In fact, the research and production of functional foods has today become a major economic activity the world over to meet the growing and insatiable demand of the international market.

Traditionally, the purpose of food intake is to nourish our body apart from pampering our taste buds. On the other hand, function foods supply some special nutrients that contribute to regulating the physiological functions of the human body, reinforcing the immune defense, preventing the onset of diseases, and encouraging rapid recovery from illnesses.

While different schools of thoughts have coined varying terms to describe functional foods, the concept that some foods serve a crucial “third function” has today been unanimously accepted by nutritional experts and health-care advocates in all parts of the world.

Chapter 2: The Beneficial Impacts of Sky Fruit to Human Health

Sky Fruit, or Fructus Swietenia Macrophylla, is the fruit of an evergreen tree belonging to the Melia family. A native of the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, the adult woody plant can grow to a height of about 30~40 meters and is extremely hard in texture. It has leafs that point in opposite directions. From blossoming onwards, the fruits take about 9~12 months to ripen but give a relatively low yield. Fructus Swietenia Macrophylla features the shape of a broad-base circular cone with a tip that points toward to sky, hence is popularly known as Sky Fruit. It is grayish brown in color, measures about 15cm in length, and has 5 radial cracks on its outer coat The fruit bursts apart along the cracks when it ripens. The seeds have wing-like structures that facilitate their dispersal by the wind.

It has leafs that point in opposite directions. From blossoming onwards, the fruits take about 9~12 months to ripen but give a relatively low yield. Fructus Swietenia Macrophylla features the shape of a broad-base circular cone with a tip that points toward to sky, hence is popularly known as Sky Fruit. It is grayish brown in color, measures about 15cm in length, and has 5 radial cracks on its outer coat The fruit bursts apart along the cracks when it ripens. The seeds have wing-like structures that facilitate their dispersal by the wind.
 

(Caption)

Sky Fruit, or Fructus Swietenia Macrophylla, is the fruit of an evergreen tree belonging to the Melia family. A native of the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, the adult woody plant can grow to a height of about 30~40 meters and is extremely hard in texture.

In 1996, it was discovered that apart from the vitamins and minerals commonly found in most fruits, Sky Fruit also contained a rich cache of flavonoids (also known as bio-flavonoids) and saponins. These two exceptional groups of nutrients are today considered the most vital active constituents that contribute to the amazing efficacies of Sky Fruit. Besides, Sky Fruit also offers a valuable blend of natural proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, enzymes, dietary fibers, fats, minerals, and various essential nutrients that can be readily assimilated by the human body to give remarkable health-care benefits.

Let us now briefly go through the overall efficacies that the major active constituents of Sky Fruit have in store for us (greater details of which will be dealt with in another chapter):

i) The pharmacological actions of saponins:
a) Anti-cancer and subdue tumor growth.
b) Reduce blood lipids and discourage obesity.
c) Enhance bodily resistance and strengthen the physical constitution.
d) Prevent the aggregation of blood platelets to avoid the onset of thrombosis.
e) Bring down the level of blood sugar to restore health.
f) Inhibit the formation of blood clogs to avert the onset of myocardial infarction.

ii) The pharmacological actions of flavonoids:
a) Promote blood circulation.
b) Prevent the onset of arteriosclerosis.
c) Discourage the build-up of fats on the walls of blood vessels.
d) Bring down the level of blood cholesterols.
e) Reduce the risk of coronary embolism.
f) Encourage the production of natural antibodies that help prevent tissue inflammation.
g) Relieve pains, stop bleeding, and alleviate symptoms caused by external injuries.
h) Get rid of excessive free radicals in the body.
i) Prevent oxidative reactions in the body.

It goes without saying that the above two active constituents of Sky Fruit can also be found in other herbs or medicinal plants. For examples, Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba are rich in saponins and flavonoids respectively. It must be highlighted that, however, having these two active constituents coexisting in the same herb or medicinal plant and in such a proportion to constitute health-giving benefits is but extremely rare.

All along but separately, saponins and flavonoids have found extensive health-care applications. The fact that Sky Fruit contains both blending together in synergy has in effect further enhanced their therapeutic values. In addition, other valuable nutritive components of Sky Fruit also impart it with exceptional capabilities in improving blood circulation, cleansing the blood, invigorating the body, fortifying the immune defense, and so on.

In conclusion, Sky Fruit’s synergistic efficacies, which are attributed to its unique composition, are holistic by nature. It brings both direct and indirect healing benefits to the entire human body, particularly the circulatory and immune systems.

Chapter 3:  The Extent of Contamination in the Circulatory System of Modern People

Let us now focus on the circulatory system and go into greater details on determining the extent of contamination in our blood.

It is common knowledge that we should constantly monitor our health condition by going for a blood test on a regular basis. However, the great majority of modern people, especially the younger generation, tend to believe that they are free from “health problems” as long as they “do not experience” any “discomforts”.  As such, they think it is alright from them to burn midnight oil, go out on a spree, indulge in excessive drinking, and taking their favorite junk foods. But sooner or later, these unhealthy lifestyles will eventually take their tolls. And the irony is: even if we do observe a healthy living, we are not immune from external factors! As the contamination of our blood is as good as inevitable, it is imperative for us to fully understand the health condition of our body from time to time.

Once you get the result on your blood test, by all means study the following data:

a) Total Cholesterol
b) Neutral Fats
c) Beta-lipoproteins
d) High Density Lipoproteins (HDL)
e) Free Fatty Acids
f) Blood sugar level
g) Total protein
h) Albumin
i) Globulin
j) Uric acid level
k) Lipid peroxide

• Cholesterol: Cholesterol is a fat-soluble crystalline steroid alcohol found in our body tissues and body fluids. As a key ingredient for the production of various hormones, it also plays an important role in preserving and strengthening the blood vessels. Therefore, it is essential for each and every one of us to ensure that the cholesterol in our blood is maintained at a healthy level. It is worth pointing out that many of us are merely aware of the negative aspects of cholesterol and know very little about its contribution to our health. Actually, the level of cholesterol in our blood constitutes a cause for alarm only if it becomes excessively high.  

The normal level of total cholesterol should fall within the range of 130~230mg/dl (the readings may somewhat vary depending on the test method adopted). An excessively high level is likely to bring about hardening of the arterial walls, while an excessively low level may cause the onset of liver abnormalities.

• The normal level of neutral fats should fall within the range of 80~150mg/dl. Though an excessively high level may be traced to a family history of hyperlipoproteinemia, other health problems can also be the underlying cause. Notably, people suffering from obesity are likely to experience an elevated level of neutral fats.

• The normal level of beta-lipoprotein should fall within the range of 210~645mg/dl. An excessively high level can be taken as a warning sign of arteriosclerosis (a condition characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arteries). 

• Lipoproteins are actually the composites of proteins and cholesterol or neutral fats in the blood. HDL refers to lipoproteins that feature a high density. As a low level of HDL is indicative of the existence of risk factors that might cause arteriosclerosis, cautions should be taken against the onset of myocardial infarction, cerebral thrombosis, and the likes.

The normal level of HDL should fall within the range of 40~60mg/dl for men and 50~70ml/dl for women.

• Free fatty acids are formed when fats in the subcutaneous tissues are released into the blood. They are a source of human caloric needs but an excessively high level can nevertheless result in myocardial infarction.
 
• Lipid peroxides are the substances formed through the oxidation of lipids. They are the prime culprit that affect cellular functions and trigger the onset of ageing.

• Blood sugar level measures the level of sugar in our blood.

The normal level of blood sugar should fall within the range of 79~100mg/dl with an empty stomach and below 140mg/dl one hour after meal.
 
• Total protein (TP) refers to all the proteins found in the blood serum.

The normal level of total protein should fall within the range of 6.5~8.0g/dl.

• Of the more than a hundred types of proteins hitherto known, albumin, globulin, and blood platelets are the most common. A test result on the levels of these proteins can reflect the nutritional condition of our body as well as the functions of the liver, kidneys, and various organs. This is so because both albumin and globulin are synthesized by the liver. The test index is indicated by the ratio A/G (albumin/globulin). The level of albumin in the body is usually maintained at a certain concentration and will drop when we fall ill, so will the A/G ratio.

The normal A/G ratio should fall within the range of 1.1~2.0 and the albumin level should be 3.9~5.1g/dl.

 
• Uric acids are the by-products or residues left behind after the expenditure of the nucleic acids in dead cells. They are normally eliminated out of the body as metabolic wastes. The level of uric acids in our body will usually be elevated after a sumptuous meal, a drinking session, or some strenuous exercises, or when we are experiencing stress or suffering from nephritis or a functional disturbance of the kidneys, which will in turn lead to the onset of hyperuricemia.

The normal level of uric acids should fall within the range of 3.5~6.5mg/dl for men and 3.0~5.5mg/dl for women.

Chapter 4: Why Does the Blood of Modern People Become Contaminated?

The causes of the contamination of our blood are multifaceted.

At the top of the list is stress, which has earned the notoriety as being the trademark of our modern society.  In the most practical sense, none of us can evade the tyranny of stress, and it is only a matter of varying extents different individuals are exposed to. Actually, while stress has long ago been identified as being the root-cause of physiological disturbances, our vulnerability to stress has turned from bad to worse in recent years. Stress prevails across all walks of life in this modern society of ours. In particular, the working group, young and old of both sexes alike, are at the mercy of the increasing rampage of stress, which can be broadly classified into 3 categories as follows:
a) Work-related stress,
b) Financial stress, and
c) Emotional stress.

(Caption)
The immune system depends more heavily on nutritional supply than any other system of the human body. When the organism is affected or when we are experiencing a bout of emotional swing, the immune system will be the first to suffer from functional disturbances.
 
 
Irrespective of genders, ages, or ethnic groups, we inevitably fall preys to one or two or even all three categories of stress at one time or another.

Worse yet, the great majority of us usually resort to inappropriate ways of managing stress. The repercussions of a poor management of stress in turn trigger the onset of a series of chain reactions that will eventually build up into a vicious cycle. It is true that without a certain level of stress to spur us on, social advancement will not be possible and, chances are, we may soon suffer from mental retardation. However, more often than not, the onslaught of stress tends to go beyond our ability to cope with it.

To a certain extent, stress has an adverse impact on many of our chronic or acute health problems. Incidences of physiological abnormalities attributed to stress are not uncommon nowadays. In most of the cases, stress set off tension, panic, and other negative emotions that subsequently lead to contraction of the blood vessels as well as deranged circulation and contamination of the blood. While learning how to “relax” is the first step towards easing the harms done by stress, it is easier said than done. The next option for recovery is the intake of “functional foods” to free the blood from contamination and encourage smooth function of the circulatory system.

Secondly, unhealthy eating and drinking habit is another major cause of the contamination of the blood. For example, gout was not a common health problem in the past and patients were mostly elderly people. Today, the scenario has changed. No thanks to our modern lifestyle, we usually eat at irregular hours and have to sacrifice our home-cooked meals for fine dishes or junk foods served in the restaurants or eateries. The modern generation tends to have an increasing appetite for animal-based foods featuring high-caloric, high-fat contents and spicy flavors. Obviously, these foods provide more calories than we can burn as energy. Such nature of dietary bias will invariably bring about overweight, excessive accumulation of fats, and contamination of the blood. This is especially so in the case of young people, and the awkward situation can be further complicated by unhealthy habits such as indulgence in smoking, drinking, and killing time until wee hours of the morning.  If we wish to lead a healthy and fulfilling life, we are left with no alternatives but to start adjusting our lifestyle and manage stress in the right manner.

Thirdly, improper information can also lead to health problems. For instance, “health-care” has today become one of the hottest campaigns in all parts of the world. At times, I wonder why modern people are making such hoo-ha about “health-care”. Our grandparents also had health problems, but they got by and there wasn’t any need for such campaign. Does this mean that the society of our time is experiencing a sort of decadence? This cannot be possible. Taken in the right perspective, the prevailing “excessive” concern for health-care is indicative that many people around us are unhealthy and have a negative outlook towards their health. In this respect, the so-called “information commercial”, or “infomercial” in short, are to blame. Through TV channels, misleading information about health-care are being cooked up in the name of advertisement to woo the general public, who end up purchasing some health-care solutions or products of exaggerated efficacies. As such, we must exercise due care and be selective towards the kind of information we receive. When an information is from a commercial source, we should first filter it with commonsense apart from consulting people with the right expertise. For example, before deciding to consume a health-care product, we should first find out what are the underlying causes of our health problems. We can achieve this by going for a blood-test. Even if we have already decided to consume a product, we should monitor the result after a period of consumption. By doing so, we can effectively minimize the risk of being taken for a ride.

Once our blood becomes contaminated, our blood vessels will tend to weaken, age prematurely, harden, and be more vulnerable to blockages. Actually, our health is closely linked to the well-being of our blood and the blood vessels. As the saying goes: “Human ageing begins with blood vessels, and vascular ageing begins with our blood”. This statement holds good even if we replace the word “ageing” with “diseases”. By inferring the statement from another angle, we can safely put it this way: “Human health begins with blood vessels, and vascular health begins with our blood.” In other words, provided that our blood is freed from contamination, blood vessels will restore their resilience to promote normal physiological functions, and our body will in turn regain full vitality.

According to survey reports and statistics released by the World Health Organization (WHO), heart diseases, stroke, and cancers top the list of the 10 major causes of death on the global scale. They are followed by hypertension, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, liver diseases, and so on. These chronic health problems, which usually crop up during our middle age and beyond, are collectively called adult diseases or civil diseases. The root-causes can be traced to our lifestyles and eating and drinking habits. In view of our current social environments, practically all men of age 35 and above (considered to be relatively more prone to job-related stress) are exposed to the risk of contracting adult diseases, albeit the degree of severity may differ from one individual to another. If men and women of this age group were to undergo a thorough medical check-up, especially the blood test, it is almost certain that they could be greeted by awful surprises. For people already suffering from adult diseases, their lifespan could be shortened by years if they were to rely on medications rather than the science of preventive therapy. Maybe there are still people who regard this as being an exaggerated situation. We might convince them by justifying it with the fact that in the modern society of ours, the percentage of people dying due to “old age” is becoming smaller and smaller. By right human beings should not die as a result of “diseases”. Instead, with the scientific and medical advancement of our times, the incidence of diseases should have been narrowed and dying due to old age should have been a natural course. In other words, a person should live to the “ripe, full age” instead of succumbing to diseases. Scientific studies have also indicated that theoretically, the human life expectancy should be 125 years. It thus makes sense to say that dying due to an adult disease is a premature death.

(Caption)
Through TV channels, misleading information about health-care are being cooked up in the name of advertisement to woo the general public, who end up purchasing some health-care solutions or products of exaggerated efficacies. As such, we must exercise due care and be selective towards the kind of information we receive. By doing so, we can effectively minimize the risk of being taken for a ride.

The prime culprit behind the onset of “adult diseases” is none other than contamination of the blood. Who is to blame for the contamination in our blood, then? In this respect, we have but to point the finger at ourselves to bear at least half of the responsibility. Is it that difficult for us to adjust or be more concerned about our lifestyles and eating and drinking habits? Given the fact that the blood vessels in our body can roll over the earth for 2 and a half times, the stream of blood flowing in them must be of tremendous volume, and hence any contamination would certainly have an adverse impact to our health.

As such, what has actually gone wrong with our blood? One of the major functions of the blood is to transport oxygen and various nutrients in addition to all sorts of metabolic wastes and body toxins from one part of the body to another via the blood vessels. Besides, it also works as the carriage to the immune system’s various components for their mobilization to intended parts of the body in line with their duty of warding off the invasion of bacteria and viruses. On the other hand, lipids, which are closely associated with adult diseases, are the unwelcome visitors found in the flood stream. When the blood lipids exceed a certain level, they will give rise to a great number of health problems. In other words, the higher level of blood lipids, the greater the risk of health hazards becomes. Let us know take a closer look at the adverse impacts of blood lipids to our health:

Blood lipids can be broadly classified into four different groups: cholesterols, neutral fats, phospholipids, and free fatty acids. These four groups of lipids are introduced into our body through food intake or produced in the body in response to the buildup of stress. Now the questions are: What do they do in the body? How are they linked to our health condition?

1) Cholesterols – While cholesterols are a known cause of health problems, does it mean that the absolute exclusion of cholesterols from our food intake will ensure us a clean bill of health? The answer is “no”. This is because an appropriate amount of cholesterols is also essentially needed by the body to undergo certain physiological activities. For examples, the accessory suprarenal gland and the gonad or sexual gland need cholesterols to manufacture steroid hormones and pro-hormones. At the same time, cholesterols are also the ingredients for the production of bile acids that aid in digestion. However, when the level of cholesterols in the blood becomes too high (Total cholesterols > 160mg/dl), the excessive cholesterols will cling onto the vascular walls, causing the onset of arteriosclerosis or blockage of the blood vessels.

2) Neutral fats – As an important source of calories or energy for our body, neutral facts are also found at the subcutaneous layer of the skin to help keep the body warm. However, when present in excess, they share the same nature of that of cholesterols in causing the hardening of the arterial vascular walls.

3) Phospholipids – The biological membranes of our body cells are made up of substances that include phospholipids, of which the health-giving lecithin is a familiar example. Egg yolk, soya beans, internal organs of animal, etc, are rich sources of lecithin.  However, phospholipids contain unsaturated fatty acids which, upon oxidation, can be potentially destructive to the biological membrane, bringing about an inefficient absorption of nutrients and impeded elimination of the metabolic wastes. This in turn triggers the onset of the aging of the tissues. With controlled food intake and by observing a balanced diet, the liver will produce lecithin, a substance capable of emulsifying cholesterols into minute granules, thus allowing them to gain entry into the tissues. In the event of a deficiency of lecithin, the cholesterols cannot be broken down but remain in the blood stream or on the arterial vascular walls instead.

4) Free fatty acids – Fats (in free form) from the subcutaneous layer are converted into fatty acids as they permeate into the blood stream, forming a source of calories. If the level of free fatty acids becomes excessively high, it constitutes an adverse impact to the heart muscles. Generally, we hold the belief that unsaturated fatty acids are beneficial to our body in contrast to saturated fatty acids, except that they tend to be easily oxidized. Upon oxidization, lipids are transformed into lipid peroxides, which can spell disaster to body tissues. It is thus advisable for us to observe regular and nutritionally balanced meals as a key dietary principle. The potential threats of free fatty acids include the following:

a) Injure the cellular membrane, which is one of the building blocks of our body;
b) Destroy the internal lining of the vascular wall;  
c) Cause damage to vitamins; and
d) Weaken our hormonal functions.   

Mentioned above are harms closely associated with an excessive level of lipids in the blood. In the case of a), phospholipids are a component part of our body cells. They include unsaturated fatty acids which, upon oxidation, are converted into lipid peroxides, and hence are potentially destructive to the cells. As phospholipids cannot be eliminated out of the body system through the kidneys, they build up in the body in the form of free fatty acids and wreak havoc to the cellular membrane.
    
  Lipids + reactive oxygen species (free radicals) = Lipid peroxides

Though lipids do not react too vigorously within our body tissues, they are however capable of permeating into the cells, stay there, and incur long-term damage. The lipids we mention here refer to the cholesterols and neutral fats found in the blood and the unsaturated fatty acids assimilated through food intake. As for b), which is quite similar to a), the victim is the internal lining of the vascular wall. Subsequently, the lining becomes rougher or damaged, and more and more cholesterols in the blood will cling onto the vascular wall, causing it to harden over time. The conditions of c) and d) also show some resemblance. As vitamins and hormones are substances essential to our various physiological activities including metabolism, production of energy, and an endless chain of biochemical reactions, their destruction will inevitably disrupt normal functions of the body.

Apart from the above, the onset of cancerous diseases and aging problems, such as senile dementia, is closely linked to the existence of free radicals (reactive oxygen species). As reactive oxygen species is noted for its formidable oxidative power, it excessive presence in the body will trigger the production of free radicals such as lipid peroxides. As such, the very first step for us to protect normal functions of our blood vessels is to purify the blood. Being a natural food that exhibits multifunctional efficacies, Sky Fruit is characterized by a rich content of the two active constituents, flavonoids and saponins, which are exceptionally remarkable in enhancing the functions of our circulatory system. We shall explore in greater details the contributions of flavonoids and saponins in the next chapter.

Chapter 5: The Pharmacological Actions of Sky Fruits on the Human Body

Sky Fruit contains active constituents that are capable of fortifying the immune system, regulating the physiological functions, preventing diseases, and promoting optimal health. Through state-of-the-art biotechnologies, it is now made available in an exclusive form of “functional food”.

Indeed, technological advancement of our times has today brought to us immense benefits and countless contributions. However, it also entails untold negative impacts. Examples are growing deterioration of our living and working environments, worshiping of materialism, evolution of unhealthy dietary and living habits, acute misalignment between mind and body, corruption and distortion of the spiritual and moral values, increased mental stress, and so on. Invariably, these negative impacts have posed a grave menace to our mental and physical well-being. It is this constant threat to our very survival that has driven us to be ever more health conscious. The weird development is: people today tend to emphasize more in seeking treatment rather than prevention, be it in the light of modern medicine or traditional therapy. Whether by way of the differentiation of diseases or symptoms, treatments are sought only when something has gone wrong with our health. This is a phenomenon beyond rational thinking. Just imagine: there are people among us who literally leave the early warning signs of their health conditions unchecked but rush for medical attentions only until the problem has deteriorated!

Actually, without exceptions, all diseases have to go through 3 stages, namely the incubation (developing) stage, the morbidity (onset) stage, and the recuperating (recovering) stage.  More often than not, most of us tend to become concerned of our health conditions only during the second stage, rather than paying attention to the first stage or giving due emphasis to the third. Maybe we can attribute this to our living habit of responding to “how with feel” (the level of discomforts) rather that “how we reason”. By the time the condition has deteriorated into the morbidity stage, the subsequent medical bills incurred might burn a hole in our pocket and also at the expense of our productivity. Such attitude of indifference certainly comes with a price, as some health problems may prove to be incurable due to delayed treatment. For the modern society of ours, this is especially so in the case of the rising incidence of chronic diseases.  In recent decades, the all-important concept of “prevention is better than cure” has been universally recognized and unreservedly advocated by scientists and medical experts the world over. It has been under this background that in the last 30 years or so, the global market for health foods and functional foods has grown by leaps and bounds.

Having been researched and developed as a functional food, how does Sky Fruit contribute to our health, then?

The health-giving attributes of Sky Fruit are remarkably wide in scope with extensive applications. In particular, it is exceptional in relieving various symptoms caused by impeded blood circulation and reinforcing the functions of our immune system. Let us now find out more about the overall efficacies of Sky Fruit and its major pharmacological actions against the respective health problems:

1) Circulatory System: Helpful in alleviating the conditions of hypertension, hyperlipemia, arteriosclerosis, cardio-cerebral vascular diseases, stroke or apoplexy, arthritis, varicose vein, disturbance of blood circulation, etc.
2) Immune System: Notable in regulating and strengthening the immunity of the organism, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammation, anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-cancer, etc.
3) Endocrinal System (including metabolic problems): Contributes to improving the conditions of diabetes, sterility, infertility, hypo-sexuality or lack of sexual drive, etc.
4) Respiratory System: Subdues chronic bronchitis, asthma, coughs, etc.
5) Nervous System: Eases sleep disorder, fatigue, stress, insomnia, migraine, etc.
6) Aging: Removes free radicals and sources of reactive oxygen species.
7) Digestive System (including liver, gallbladder, and pancreas): Treats gastrointestinal ulcers, cirrhosis of the liver, acute hepatitis, etc.
8) Others: Beneficial against allergies, obesity, etc.

From the above, Sky Fruit’s broad spectrum of remarkable therapeutic applications are thus evident.

Why is it so? We attribute this to Sky Fruit’s rich content of the active constituents Saponins and Flavonoids, or Bio-flavonoids.  In nature, these two active constituents can be found in a good number of herbs and medicinal plants. Having Saponins and Flavonoids coexisting in the same herb or medicinal plant and in such a proportion to constitute exceptional health-giving benefits is but extremely rare. That is what makes Sky Fruit unique as an effective remedy against so many health problems. Though it is always possible to formulate a mixture of herbs or medicinal plants to offer the bests of both worlds, they can never achieve the same level of health-enhancing attributes as provided by the same source. Moreover, from the commercial perspective, the cost factor can also be a deterrent for large-scale production to benefit the masses.


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Sky Fruit contains Saponins and Flavonoids coexisting in such a proportion to constitute exceptional health-giving benefits.

Before exploring further, let us first get ourselves familiarized with what sorts of health-enhancing attributes these two active constituents have in store for the human body:

Saponins

Saponins are special glycosides that can be found in many plants and certain oceanic life-forms (allopelagics). In the case of plant saponins, they are common in both monocotyledon and bicotyledon plants. Notably, Dioscoreaceae (tuberous vegetables), Liliaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Acanthopanacea, Leguminosae, Polygalaceae, Campanulaceae, Scrophulariae, etc, are plants that offer a rich supply of saponins. As for allopelagic saponins, they can be found in sea cucumber, starfish, etc. In recent years, extensive research works carried out by scientists have led to the discovery that saponins are beneficial for enhancing physiological functions of the human body. Today, saponins have been adopted as a major active ingredient in many herbal and dietetic formulations.

The pharmacological actions of saponins can be briefly summarized as follows:

1) Prevent the formation of thrombi: Taking ginseng as an example, it helps regulate hemolytic (blood resolving) reactions, subdues the aggregation of the blood platelets, improves coagulation of the blood, reduces the formation of thrombi, increases blood flow in the cardio-cerebral vessels, and elevates the body’s ability in countering the adverse effect of oxygen starvation.
2) Reduce the level of cholesterols: Saponins are capable of subduing the absorption of cholesterols by the intestinal tract to effectively reduce the level of plasma cholesterols and improve lipid metabolism, hence contributes to preventing hyperlipemia caused by high-fat diets.  
3) Modulate immune functions: Saponins aid in increasing the population of white blood cells and enhancing the ingestion ability of phagocytes.
4) Excite the secretion of insulin: This function of saponins helps in breaking down the blood sugar to prevent the onset of diabetes.
5) Enhance the production of sperm: Saponins are known to be helpful in overcoming problems associated with sterility and infertility.
6) Relieve asthmatic attacks: This is attributed to saponins’ ability in relaxing the smooth muscles of the bronchi.
7) Increase the responsiveness of the organism: Saponins are effective in resisting fatigue, calming the nerves, and improving the quality of sleep.
8) Anti-aging: Saponins show an amazing ability in promoting cellular metabolism and division, hence contribute to prolonging the lifespan of various organs.
 
While flavonoids share similar efficacies as saponins, they can be found in a greater variety of plants, including their flowers, fruits, leafs, barks, heartwoods or duramens, and roots. Inside a plant, flavonoids usually combine with carbohydrates to form glycosides, while the rest exist in a free form. Flavonoids exhibit a wide range of pharmacological actions that can be broadly classified as follows:

1) Flavonoids help regulate the brittleness and permeability of the capillaries to prevent raptures: Our entire vascular system (making up of the heart, the arteries, the capillaries, and the veins) depends on the capillaries for the supply of oxygen, nutrients, hormones, antigens, etc, apart from the disposal of the metabolic wastes. It is worth pointing out that except the microscopic network of vessels called capillaries, all blood vessels are impermeable. Body fluids can only permeate into or out of the closed system at where the terminal branches of the arteries and veins connect capillaries. Such being the case, the capillaries must possess a certain degree of permeability to facilitate the flow of microscopic substances between body cells and body fluids. In the event the capillary walls become excessively brittle or when they rapture, or become excessively permeable, blood will flow out of the capillaries and blend with the intercellular fluids. Subcutaneous hemorrhage (bleeding under the skin) and bruises are signs of raptures in the capillaries. On the other hand, edema or dropsy is brought about by excessive permeability of the capillaries.  In this respect, flavonoids work in synergy with vitamin C to help regular the brittleness and permeability of the capillaries.

2) Flavonoids are the ideal scavengers for reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the perfect antioxidants against lipids.   Free radicals have been identified as the “prime culprit” behind the onset of all diseases. In this respect, the mechanism with which flavonoids eliminate free radicals can be described as a reaction involving superoxide anions, a process that precedes and averts the reaction of free radicals. When superoxide anions combine with the iron cations, this complex reaction prevents the production of hydroxyl free radicals. When superoxide anions combine with lipids, the reaction prevents the oxidation of lipids. Incidentally, the above reactions involving free radicals and lipids are closely associated with cancer.

3) Anti-tumor: Flavonoids exhibit considerably powerful anti-tumor actions, which are achieved through 3 channels:
a) Countering the effects of free radicals.
b) Directly subduing the proliferation of tumor cells.
c) Resisting carcinogenic factors and revitalizing the NK cells, LAK cells, interferon, etc. of the immune system.

4) Detoxify the liver: Animal tests and clinical experiments have proven that flavonoids are remarkably effective in protecting the liver.

5) Anti-inflammation:  Flavonoids such as rutin and their derivatives show amazing anti-edema, anti-inflammation, detoxification, and immuno-enhancement pharmacological actions. According to a research report, anti-inflammation effect may be attributed to their ability in subduing the activity of lipoxidase during the biosynthesis of prostaglandins.

6) Anti-bacterial and anti-viral: Generally speaking, flavonoids show certain degree of anti-bacterial and anti-viral capability. Scutellaria root, popularly known for its rich content of flavonoids, is a typical Chinese herb that exhibits this quality.

7) Relieve spasm: Flavonoids possess marvelous efficacy in relieving spasm of the smooth muscles and easing the symptom of headache among hypertension patients, apart from arresting cough, alleviating asthmatic attacks, and removing the phlegm.

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An adequate supply of nutrients such as proteins, vitamins E & C, water, and minerals such as iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, and magnesium is essential for a healthy blood circulatory system.
     
Chapter 6: Vertigo Reactions and Recommended Consumption

Vertigo Reactions: First and foremost, we have to grasp the concept of “reactions”. In the contest of this chapter, “reactions” mean the responses of the organism’s entire system to the foods, drugs, medicines, or health-care products consumed, taken, or ingested.

Upon the consumption of a functional food or health-care product, if it causes the organism to react with a string of responses intended, we call them “healing reactions”. On the other hand, if the consumption of a drug or medicine causes an unintended or unwanted string of responses, we call them “side effects” or “adverse effects”. As for vertigo reactions, they refer to “healing reactions” or “recovering reactions” of an organism responding to a functional food or a health-care product, or undergoing a natural therapy. In other words, vertigo reactions are good signs to a patient or an individual experiencing a health problem. As such, one should never confuse vertigo reactions with side effects or adverse effects. Let us take for example capsicum, a common tropical plant with seed-pods containing hot-tasting seeds. After taking capsicum, its hot taste leads to an accelerated blood circulation, which subsequently brings about a string of responses including a flush (red coloring in the face), profuse perspiration, increased body temperature, improved appetite, etc.  We do not call this as side effects or adverse effects, which refer to the body’s reactions towards a chemical compound in the form of a drug or a medicine. This unintended result is unlikely to be found in herbs or medicinal plants, let alone functional fruits.

Vertigo reactions are temporary by nature. They can be classified as either strong or mild, depending on an individual’s physical constitution, the condition and status of the disease, the amount consumed, and the method, the time, and even the frequency of consumption. As far as functional foods or health-care products are concerned, we have to specify their proper consumption in order to avoid causing unintended reactions or having their efficacies affected. Anyway, as mentioned above, the effects of vertigo reactions are but temporary – from 3 to 5 days in the short run, and seldom last beyond two weeks before they gradually fade off and resume to normal. By all means continue with the consumption at a “maintenance dosage” for an extended period of say 3 more months or so even after recovery has been observed, as this will effectively discourage relapse or recurrence of the symptoms.    

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Capsicum is a common tropical plant with seed-pods containing hot-tasting seeds.